The Little Red House

The story of the building of St George’s farmhouse at Ruskin Land is an interesting one. Those who have visited us here will be aware of the unassuming character of the house which contrasts with its imposing presence, despite its relatively small size , as you approach it climbing gently up Tanner’s Hill.  It was described by Edith Hope-Scott, author and Companion of the Guild of St George, as the ‘little red house.’  Apart from the static caravan parks which encroach on the margins of the forest, it is one of just a handful of dwellings built within the woods.  A house in such a location would be unlikely to get planning permission today.

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The house was built between 1906-7.  Given its location, its construction was no doubt controversial.   John Ruskin was himself in two minds about building here.  In a report to the Guild of St George in 1882 he wrote of the ‘piece of ground’ given to the Guild by George Baker: ‘ I am content at present in our possession of it and do not choose to break the quiet of its neighbourhood by any labourer’s cottage building, without which, however, I do not at present see my way to any effective use of the ground.’  It wasn’t until 1903, three years after Ruskin’s death, that the Guild resolved to investigate building ‘cottages for farm labourers’ here.

Following the decision, it seems members of the Guild visited, along with 60,000 others, the ‘Cheap Cottages Exhibition’ at Letchworth in 1905, precursor to the ideal home exhibition.  Letchworth was to become the first ‘garden city’ and a major inspiration for the planning of new settlements across the world.  The exhibition itself had a huge influence particularly on landowners keen to provide decent housing for rural workers.

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We have yet to discover who designed St George’s Farm but a recent report by a professional architect describes it as having ‘many fine architectural features’ typical of the Edwardian period.  These include ‘two brick chimney stacks, large over-sailing eaves and gables with painted timber bargeboards and exposed purlins, a dormer window, arched blue brick window heads and blue brick window cills’  with gables which ‘feature decorative timber and render at high level and unusual pointed arch openings to the roof space that are edged in blue brick.’  The main orange/red bricks were made from local clay, probably fired on site, and laid in a ‘Flemish Stretcher Bond’ pattern.  A distinguished pigsty, described by an archaeologist as possibly the finest in North Worcestershire, was built with the same bricks and incorporates design details which reflect the house.

There have been a few alterations to the house since its construction.  Mercifully it retains the original well proportioned wooden window frames, and the pleasant rear veranda. In the 1960s we guess, the main entrance was relocated to the north-east corner with the addition of a small porch.  Before we moved in last year a downstairs bathroom occupied what would once have been a reception room.  We arranged for the bathroom to be moved upstairs to what was likely to have been a storeroom between the two bedrooms. From discussions with a grandson of Fred and Ada Watson who occupied the house shortly after its completion, it seems that what is now the lounge was once a kitchen/dining room with an imposing range.    All the rooms are of a decent size, making it a comfortable family home with children sharing a bedroom, as we imagine was the case with the Eva, Harry and Willy, the three Watson children who grew up here.

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The Guild is now working to make good some of the poor maintenance work carried out on the house in recent years.  In particular, repointing with inappropriate cement mortar has led to problems of dampness in some walls.  It needs to be removed and replaced with traditional lime-based mortar.   With its fascinating history it is important to safeguard the integrity of this relatively humble, yet highly significant building.

 

 

 

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Beaucastle and Bee Orchids

We’ve spent the last few days immersed in the legacy of John Ruskin and his followers here in the Wyre Forest.  And we enjoyed great company.  About 30 or so Companions of Ruskin’s charity the Guild of St George visited Ruskin Land this weekend to see what is happening here.  We shared stories and insights into its fascinating history, and discussed its future which is set to be just as interesting!

There were many highlights from the weekend but for me two very different aspects stood out.    The first was a visit to St George’s Field, a meadow on the fringes of the village of Sheepscombe in Gloucestershire, about 3o miles from Bewdley.  The event was to mark the 80th anniversary of the gift of the field to the Guild by Margaret Knight who was concerned about the threat of its development.  It’s a remarkable place:  a breathtaking treasury of wildflowers, including many rare orchids, and the display was at its best for the occasion.   David Ingram told us of the vital importance of what couldn’t be seen – the complex micorrhizal networks below the ground – to the visible abundance of the flora above it.  It was pleasing to hear from staff at Natural England, the Government agency that has been looking after it so well, that the field was greatly appreciated by the local community.

The following morning we visited Beaucastle an imposing Gothic mansion on the edge of the Wyre Forest barely a mile or so from Ruskin Land.  This was for me the other highlight of the weekend.  Beaucastle was built in the 1870s for George Baker who gave the Guild 20 acres of land he owned in the forest, now known as Ruskin Land.   Baker who was Mayor of Birmingham in 1877/78, and subsequently Mayor of Bewdley, was a major figure in the early years of the Guild taking over as its Master following Ruskin’s death in 1900.

The current owners of Beaucastle proudly showed us many of its most interesting features. These included stone carvings by Benjamin Creswick,  a knife grinder from Sheffield.  Ruskin encouraged Creswick to develop his skills and he went on to become a highly praised craftsman and an important figure in the Birmingham arts world.   Ruskin Land is just visible from the turret of the house which commands stunning panoramic views of the forest extending many miles into neighbouring Shropshire.

The final part of the weekend involved a mini-tour around Ruskin Land itself.  The group saw the recent progress towards  establishing an estate-scale sawmill and primary timber processing workshop.  The field above St George’s farmstead boasts its own impressive wildflower display primarily of buttercups and ox-eye daisies.    And it was exciting to discover that the neighbouring field, where the orchard has recently been established, is already host to yellow-rattle, a species associated with the most important meadow habitats.   Careful management will enhance the diversity of the field’s flora.  In time, we hope it will come to match the beauty of St George’s Field in Sheepscombe.

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